Israel’s parliament has passed into law a controversial bill that defines the country as an exclusively Jewish state.
The “Jewish nation state” bill downgrades Arabic as an official language and says advancing Jewish settlement is a national interest.
It also states that the “whole and united” Jerusalem is its capital.
Israeli Arab MPs condemned the legislation but Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu praised it as a “defining moment”.
The bill, backed by the country’s right-wing government, says “Israel is the historic homeland of the Jewish people and they have an exclusive right to national self-determination in it”.
It was passed after a stormy session in the Knesset that lasted more than eight hours. Sixty-two MPs voted for the bill, with 55 against.
However some clauses were dropped following objections by Israel’s president and attorney-general, including a clause that would have enshrined in law the creation of Jewish-only communities.
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